History of Chandragupta II | Emperor of India | Britannica

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Life History of Chandragupta II Vikramaditya

Chandragupta II Introduction

Samudragupta had two sons – Ramgupta, Chandragupta II (Vikramaditya), his mother’s name was Datta Devi. Chandragupta II was the younger son of Samudragupta, but Samudragupta wanted Chandragupta II to succeed him and he assumed his throne, but what Samudragupta feared was Ramgupta became king and proved to be an inept and malicious king. I

Taking advantage of this thing, Magadha’s enemy Shaka Raja attacked Magadha and defeated Ramgupta, after losing he thought that I surrender to my wife in front of the enemy. When his younger brother Samudragupta came to know about this, he killed Ramgupta and married Dhruh Devi and became the king of Magadha in 380. All these things are mentioned in the poet Miranyas.

Vikramaditya was interested in politics since childhood, he used to get knowledge of war policies from his father Samudragupta. When he became the king, with this military prowess he went ahead and established the empire of the Gupta dynasty.

1500 years ago today there was a kingdom of Gupta dynasty in northern India. Due to the successive powerful rulers being born for 5 years, the Gupta empire was greatly spread, due to which there was a lot of progress in all the fields like art science, where on the one hand dance music sculpture painting progressed in the construction of temples, on the other hand, mathematics, astronomy, medicine, There was a lot of development in the field of astrology as well.

Chandragupta Vikramaditya also called him Chandragupta Mahan. He had merged most of India with his state, he wanted unity in India and complete economic development of India. The Mauryan state is still known as a sold state, in Indian history, this ruler is known as an immortal love story.

Chandragupta Maurya’s bravery and expansion of his empire:

When he became king, he used the same code policies he learned from his father and his rule was further extended. Chandragupta Vikramaditya did three important tasks. He also formed three alliances and after marrying Dhruh Devi, he married the princess of the Naga dynasty. The kingdom of Nagavansha ranged from Mathura to Padmavati.

Despite being less powerful, the Naga dynasty was strategically very important due to its location in central India. A son was born to Chandragupta II’s first wife, whom he named Kumaragupta I.

Chandragupta married Kumaragupta to the daughter of Kakutswaraman, the king of the Kadam dynasty. The Kadam state, which is present-day Karnataka, used to be the big state of South India and with the help of Kadam state, Chandragupta II conquered the small states of South India.

Our ancient scientists have found a lot of records, which proves that Chandragupta’s kingdom was spread from Bang State in the east to what we know today as West Bengal and Bangladesh, crossing Punjab to present-day Afghanistan.

It is said that the iron pillar found in Mehrauli in Delhi, the Ashoka pillar found in Allahabad, the inscription Hunza found in Mathura, but the stone found in Sorkot, the inscription found in Rajasthan, the working period of Chandragupta is also known as the Golden Age, which is confirmed by China. It is also found in the book of Buddhist Guru fahien.

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fahien had come to India from China, he has written in his book that all the people of Central India were very happy and prosperous, nobody used to punish the death penalty even killing animals and birds was a thought. At that time neither meat nor liquor was sold nor was it consumed.

During the tenure of Chandragupta, there was a lot of progress in the fields of agriculture, business arts, science, literature, astrology and medicine and this happened because Chandragupta II gave an important place to nine experts in all these areas and Chandragupta II gave these nine Gave the title of nine jewels to the gods.

Shak Vansh

Around 100 BCE, the people of the Sithia tribe came to India from Central Asia, which later came to be known as Saka, when they came to India, they spread their empire in four different places, Taxila, Rajasthan, Ujjain, Nashik. Shaka used to call himself a Kshatrak. T

Kshila and Mathura were in the northern part, hence they called themselves Northern Kshatrakas and the kings of Nashik and Ujjain called themselves Western Kshatrakas. The Northern Kshatraks was over before Chandragupta II, but the Western Kshatraks were still very powerful at that time.

Along with this, they were cruel as well and used to do acts like murder and looting in the surrounding villages, even their subjects were upset with their behavior and for this reason, Chandragupta II also wanted to conquer them. To further strengthen the situation, he married his daughter Prabhavati to King Rudra of the kingdom of Bakatak.

The state of Cuttack, which is today’s Maharashtra used to be a powerful state at that time. When Rudrasen died shortly after his marriage, Prabhavati ruled the kingdom of Bakatak with the help of his father.

Chandragupta attacked the Western Kshatraka from the east with the help of the Nagavas from the south, and defeated the Western Kshatraka, and ended the Shak dynasty. After this victory of Shakas, Chandragupta II was given the title of Shakari and Vikramaditya. Only after this Chandragupta established his capital from Magadha in Ujjain.

Navaratna of Chandragupta Vikramaditya

Let us talk about Chandragupta Vikramaditya’s Navratna, which Navratna is in his court. Varahamihir, Varruchi, Vetalbhatta, Amar Singh, Kali Das, Dhanvantari, Haridas, Shank, Kshanpaka, etc.

 

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